Ayurvedic Home Remedies (Natural) for Dandruff Treatment

Posted on February 14th, 2020 by Dr. Godmi Tresa


One of the leading causes of hair fall, Dandruff is a nightmare for more than half the population of the entire globe. This condition can be socially humiliating and thus is a major cosmetic issue for a lot of people. Studies show that It is slightly more prevalent among men than in women. Also, It is mostly seen in teenagers and around the 20s and reduces with old age.

What is dandruff?

What is Dandruff

It is a skin condition that affects the scalp which results in the flaking off of the skin of the scalp. It also causes a lot of itchiness along with tremendous hair fall.

According to a recent study, the entire outer layer of the skin is shed every 2-3 weeks at the rate of 0.001-0.003 ounces of skin flakes every hour.

 When this rate increases to a larger extent, it becomes visible all over the hair as well as over the shoulders and on the clothing.

The common misconception that dandruff is caused due to poor hygiene is not true. 

Read on to understand further about this frustrating condition.

In Ayurveda, Dandruff is mentioned as Darunaka.

It is of 2 types:

Dry dandruff:
The skin gets irritated and flakes off. This happens due to the insufficient production of oil in the scalp.

Wet dandruff:
Due to excessive production of oil in the scalp, the cells accumulate and cause greasy yellowish flakes and stick to the scalp. 

According to Ayurvedic Texts like Ashtanga Hrudaya, Dandruff is one of the diseases which affects the scalp. 

It causes:

  • Itching
  • Falling of hair
  • Loss of the sensation at the scalp
  • Dryness of the scalp
  • Minute cracks of the skin of the scalp

Along with these signs and symptoms, it also causes pimples over the forehead, chest(in men), etc.

Causes of Dandruff

The cause of dandruff is yet to be made clear. Some studies show that it is caused due to a number of environmental factors, genetic factors, and dietetic factors.

It has been found that people who are immunologically compromised, like those who are taking steroid medications or those who have had a recent recovery from surgeries or fever (like dengue fever) can have a higher risk of chronic Dandruff.

Dandruff worsen over winter and it can also affect other parts of the body like eyebrows and pubic hair.

A form of fungus, Malassezia furfur was considered to be the leading cause of this condition for a long time. But a 2016 study shows that the presence of certain bacteria is also responsible.

According to Ayurveda, Dandruff is caused mainly due to 

The Predominance of Vata and Kapha doshas which happens due to

  • Prolonged and excessive intake of cold water
  • Excessive use of salt 
  • Chronic cold or running nose
  • Irregularity in the sleep routine
  • Suppression of natural urges like urination, defecation, sneezing, sleep etc
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Excessive sweating
  • Improper diet
  • Exposure to excessive ultraviolet rays of the sun

Does dandruff spread from one person to another?

The cause of Dandruff is still under controversy. Due to which it is still unknown if this condition is communicable from one person to another. Nothing that refers to the spreading of this condition has been mentioned in Ayurvedic text books.

Due to the uncertainty lingering around it’s cause, it is always advised to not share your combs, pillow, towels and other hair grooming appliances with anyone else. Not even your spouse. 

Ayurvedic remedies for dandruff

Ayurveda suggests both external and internal treatment for dandruff. External therapy includes the application of different oils, washing the hair using different kashaya, etc. Internal therapies include the suggestion of a proper diet.

Topical application

Ayurvedic oil for dandruff treatment

Ayurvedic Oil

Oil your hair daily if you have severe flaky and itchy skin and if you have dry dandruff. It is important to note that oil must be heated in a water bath before applying. Take precaution to not heat it exceedingly.

According to Ayurveda, the following oils can be used

  1. Neem oil: It has antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties and also helps in proper hair growth
  2. Almond oil: Its lesser stickiness makes it user-friendly for people who don’t like oily hair
  3. Tea Tree Oil: Add 4-5 drops of tea tree oil in the shampoo. You can also add it to the oil that you use and apply it gently on your hair and let sit for 45 mins. Then wash it off using mild shampoo. The antifungal and antibacterial properties of tea tree oil helps in tackling dandruff to a huge extent.
  4. Other medicated oils are also available which must be used only under the proper guidance of an Ayurvedic Physician.

Recipe for Ayurvedic Kashayas to cure dandruff

Boil half litres of water with Triphala churna(available in every ayurvedic shop & online) and neem leaves. Let it cool and use this decoction to wash your hair after a bath. Boil a fresh batch before every use. Do not keep the decoction for more than 6 hours as it can get spoiled.

Use this pack thrice every week. Prolonged use must be avoided as it can make your hair dry and brittle.

Hair packs

Certain hair packs are much effective in treating dandruff. These packs can be used twice or thrice every week.

  1. Add two tablespoon each of eladi churna, triphala churna (both available in ayurvedic shops) and curd. Make it into a pack and apply over the scalp. Let sit for an hour and wash off.
  2. Put 25 mg of fenugreek seeds in water and keep overnight. Strain the wave and it can be used to wash the hair daily. The fenugreek seeds can be ground well and applied to the scalp. Keep for 45 minutes and wash away carefully. This can be done in alternate days.
  3. Neem leaves can be ground and used as a hair pack too.
  4. Apply the paste of mustard seeds or urad dal mixed with honey over scalp.

Reed of Ditch Millet

The ashes of the reed of Ditch millet can be made into a solution with water and this can be used to wash hair.

These topical applications aren’t merely enough to treat dandruff. 

Food is one of the three pillars of life. Taking proper nutritious food is mandatory when it comes to being healthy.


It is the most important factor that has to be looked upon for any issue that is related to the body.

According to Ayurveda, the food itself is medicine. 

Include the following foods in your diet to help you win the fight against Dandruff:

  • Apples
    An apple a day keeps the doctor away as does it chase away dandruff. It contains an abundance of different vitamins and minerals to keep the scalp skin healthy.
  • Bananas
    These are the most abundant sources of nourishment in the world of fruits. They contain vitamin A, C, E, amino acids, antioxidants, minerals like iron, zinc, etc which helps in reducing dandruff.
  • Ginger and garlic
    Including ginger and garlic in your diet is helpful to get rid of dandruff. It has antifungal properties and also makes the digestion proper. There are theories that many diseases that affect the skin are due to improper diet as well as the improper digestion of food. 
  • Eggs and yogurt
    Rich sources of protein, they also contain biotin also referred to as vitamin H which is very important for hair growth.
  • Coconut oil
    Including coconut oil in your diet can help in dandruff control. But it is always best to consult your doctor before you take it.
  • Amla or gooseberry
    Being rich in vitamin C, amla increases the immunity power as well as scalp health. According to Ayurveda, it is nicknamed Dhathri which means a mother who cares. It also has anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties.

It’s not simply enough to follow these tips to get rid of dandruff.One must:

  • Change the pillow cover and any cloth that comes in contact with the hair or scalp daily and wash it with a disinfectant 
  • Wash the comb and other hair accessories similarly

With these tips Dandruff can be effectively tackled.