Blood Cancer Treatment Cost in India – Procedure, Best Doctors & Hospitals

Posted on March 25th, 2020 by Ganesh Gopakumar

Category:

Cost of blood cancer treatment in India

The cost of chemotherapy starts from USD300 per session.

The cost of radiation therapy starts from USD2,400 per session.

A bone marrow transplant starts from USD 18,000.

The cost variation in India is due to the following reasons.

Choice of Hospital

The choice of hospital can lead to a good variation in cost. The cost varies drastically when we go from an economy hospital to a premium hospital. The cost mainly rises in premium hospitals due to the higher room rent, cost for medical care, etc. The quality of healthcare remains the same but the patient can stay in utmost luxury.

Choice of City

The choice of city in which the hospital lies also makes a big difference in the overall price. The cost of food, accommodation, and transportation are much higher in Tier 1 cities. Hospitals in metro cities also charge higher for medical care. Tier 2 cities are cheaper.

What is blood cancer?

Blood cancer happens when abnormal blood cells are produced rapidly and it affects the normal functioning of the healthy blood cells. Fighting infections and carrying oxygen is the main functions of blood get interrupted. Usually, blood cancer starts at the bone marrow where most of the blood cells are produced.

Types of blood cancers

Leukemia 

This type of cancer is caused by the rapid multiplication of white blood cells in the bone marrow and other blood cells producing centers. The lymphatic is also affected by it. The bone marrow produces RBC and platelets. The production of RBC and platelets are widely affected by this type of blood cancer.

So basically, your blood is composed of 3 types of cells.

  • Red blood cells (RBC) for carrying oxygen
  • White blood cells (WBC) for immunity
  • Platelets for blood clotting

So the bone marrow produces blood cells. The RBC is produced in large numbers and WBC in smaller numbers. When you have leukemia, the production of WBC overtakes the production of RBC. This causes an irregularity in blood composition. These WBC cannot fight infection, while there aren’t enough RBC to carry oxygen and not enough platelets for clotting. So the entire system does not function properly.

Symptoms

You might not experience any symptoms at first, but when you start experiencing, they might be:

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Recurring infections
  • Joint pains
  • Headaches
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swollen lymph nodes

Causes

The exact cause of leukemia is yet unknown. But the people with leukemia have a different chromosome, which alone may not be the cause. There is a higher chance of leukemia if you:

  • Smoke 
  • Exposed to ionizing radiation
  • Undergone radiation therapy or chemotherapy
  • Someone in your family had leukemia
  • Has some genetic disorder like Down’s syndrome

Lymphoma

This type of blood cancer affects the lymphatic system, which is responsible for fighting germs and excess fluids from the body. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell. Abnormal lymphocytes become lymphoma cells, which grow uncontrollably in your lymph nodes and other tissues. The lymphatic system includes the lymph nodes (lymph glands), spleen, thymus gland, and bone marrow. 

Symptoms

  • Swelling of lymph nodes in neck, armpits, groins, etc
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Itchiness
  • Night sweats
  • Weight loss

 Causes 

The exact cause of the condition is yet unknown. This happens when the disease-fighting white blood cell, called lymphocyte undergoes genetic mutation. 

Myeloma (Multiple myeloma)

This type of blood cancer affects plasma cells. Plasma cells are white blood cells responsible for the production of disease-fighting antibodies in the body. Myeloma affects the production of plasma cells which results in a weak immune system. The cancer cells produce abnormal proteins instead of antibodies which makes further complications. 

Symptoms

  • Body pain (mostly chest and spine)
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constipation
  • Weakness of legs
  • Excessive thirst
  • Recurring infections
  • Weight loss

Causes

The exact cause is yet unknown. Cancer starts with one abnormal plasma cell in your bone marrow, which divides and divides to outnumber the healthy cells. These cancer cells do not mature and die like normal healthy blood cells. Therefore, they accumulate in the body and overcrowd the blood. This results in fatigue and an inability to fight infections. 

Diagnosis of blood cancer

  • Blood test: A complete blood count (CBC) gives you an idea about the number and maturity of the three types of blood cells.
  • Bone marrow biopsy can tell you what kind of leukemia and how severe it is. 
  • Spinal tap tells to how extent leukemia has spread.
  • CT, MRI, PET, can spot signs of blood cancer.

Treatment options

Chemotherapy

It involves giving anticancer drugs into the bloodstream at regular intervals with breaks in between. The drugs prevent the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used as the sole treatment for cancer. It can be used before or after other treatments, to increase the effectiveness. They are given in cycles, the length of the cycle may be between 2-6 weeks. The number of doses within a cycle depends on the treatment and condition of the patient. The whole procedure can take between 3-6 months. 

Stem cell transplantation (Bone marrow transplant)

A stem cell transplant can be used to restore healthy bone marrow in patients with blood cancer. Stem cells help stimulate new bone marrow growth and restore the immune system. stem cells are taken from a matching donor. To determine if a donor’s stem cells are the right match, the patient undergoes a human leukocyte antigens (HLA) test. In an HLA test, we compare the patient’s blood and tissue type with blood samples from the donor. After this has been done, you will be given chemotherapy or radiation therapy to kill as many cancer cells as possible. After most of the cancer cells are killed, the stem cells are introduced into your body. Much like a blood transfusion, you’ll receive the stem cells intravenously.

The procedure takes about an hour. After entering the bloodstream, the stem cells travel to the bone marrow and start to make new blood cells in a process known as engraftment. Recovery from a leukemia stem cell transplant may take several months. Your hematologic oncology team will work together with the rest of your care team to support you throughout the process.

 

Radiation therapy

Radiotherapy works by damaging the genetic material (DNA) within cells, which prevents them from growing and reproducing. Although radiotherapy is directed at cancer cells, it can also damage nearby healthy cells. However, current methods of radiotherapy have been improved upon, minimizing “scatter” to nearby tissues. Therefore its benefit (destroying the cancer cells) outweighs its risk (harming healthy cells). The radiation therapy might need several sessions and is usually done before a bone marrow transplant. 

Best Doctors in India for Blood Cancer

  1. Dr. VP Singh
  2. Dr. Aditya Gupta
  3. Dr. MR Sivakumar
  4. Dr. Paneer A
  5. Dr. Rajendran S
  6. Dr. Rajeev Anand
  7. Dr. Sangeetha Ravat
  8. Dr. Sreekanta Swamy
  9. Dr. Chandran Gnanamuthu
  10. Dr. Prathipa Singhi

Best Hospitals in India for Blood Cancer

  1. Paras Hospital, Gurgaon
  2. Medanta Hospital, New Delhi
  3. Artemis Hospital, Delhi
  4. Max Hospital, New Delhi
  5. Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai
  6. BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi
  7. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  8. Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  9. Fortis Flt. Lt. Rajan Dhall Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi
  10. Max Super Specialty Hospital, Gurgaon

FAQ

Can blood cancer be prevented?

For many types of cancer, certain things make you more likely to get it. These are known as risk factors. So changing your lifestyle to avoid those risks can decrease your chance of getting the disease. The exact causes of blood cancer are yet unknown, still, you can reduce the chances of cancer by avoiding:

  • Smoking
  • Radiation exposure

Can you die of blood cancer?

Yes, if untreated your normal functions of the body such as fighting infections, oxygen supply, and blood clotting can be interrupted. This leads to major issues like recurrent infections, lack of oxygen to necessary parts and eventually you will die. 

 


preloader