Colon Cancer Treatment Cost in India – Procedure, Best Doctors & Hospitals

Posted on April 6th, 2020 by Ganesh Gopakumar

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Cost of colon cancer treatment in India

The cost of colon cancer treatment in India starts from USD 7000. 

The cost variation in India is due to the following reasons.

Choice of Hospital

The choice of hospital can increase or decrease the overall cost. The cost varies drastically when we go from an economy hospital to a premium hospital. The cost mainly rises in premium hospitals due to the higher room rent, cost for medical care, etc. The quality of healthcare remains the same but the patient can stay in utmost luxury.

Choice of City

The choice of city in which the hospital lies also has a huge impact on the overall price. The cost of food, accommodation, and transportation are much higher in Tier 1 cities. Hospitals in metro cities also charge higher for medical care. Tier 2 cities are cheaper.

Colon

Colon refers to the large intestine and has many parts. It starts as the ileocecal junction (junction between the small and large intestine). The colon is divided into:

  • Ascending colon
  • Transverse colon
  • Descending colon
  • Sigmoid colon

The main function of the colon or the large intestine is water reabsorption. Some salts and nutrients are also absorbed in the large intestine. 

Colon cancer

Also known as colorectal cancer is cancer which originates in the inner wall of the colon (large intestine) and may spread to other parts of the body. It is usually seen in adults but can happen at any age. It usually begins as a benign mass or polyps or overgrowth in the colon. The polyps then turn into cancer as time progresses. 

It causes third-most cancer-related death. It requires regular screening if the polyps have shown up. The condition can be easily cured if discovered in the early stages.

Stages of colon cancer

  • Stage 0: Also known as carcinoma in situ, is where the cancer is in the primary stage. It has not grown beyond the inner layer of the colon. It is easy to treat.
  • Stage 1: The tumor has grown to the next layer of the colon but has not reached the lymph nodes.
  • Stage 2: The tumor has now reached the outer layers of the colon but has not spread beyond that. 
  • Stage 3: Cancer has now spread to the outer layers of the colon and also affected 1-3 lymph nodes. It has however not reached the distal organs. 
  • Stage 4: The tumor has now spread to the tissues around the colon and also the distal organs. This is a very dangerous stage and could go beyond control if not carefully dealt with. 

Symptoms of colon cancer

No symptoms are seen in the early stages of cancer but it will eventually show up as cancer becomes worse. The symptoms could be: 

  • Diarrhea and constipation which changes regularly
  • Blood in stool
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain and discomfort
  • Gas problems
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Iron deficiency anemia

How is colon cancer caused?

Initially, the cells in the colon undergo a mutation in their DNA. The scientist and doctors are clueless about why the mutation happens, but it could be due to lifestyle. The affected cell multiplies very quickly and outnumbers the healthy cells. The mutated cells live longer than the healthy cells and finally, the tumor shows up. Cancer initially shows up as benign polyps in the inner wall of the large intestine. These polyps then turn cancerous and start to grow uncontrollably. 

The development of colon cancer could be facilitated by various lifestyle and other reasons, such as:

  • Low fiber diet
  • High-fat diet
  • Family history of colon cancer
  • Obesity 
  • Old age
  • African-American race
  • Other inflammatory conditions of the colon

Prevention of colon cancer

  • Eating sufficient fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Limiting the intake of saturated fats and red meat.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.

How is colon cancer diagnosed?

  • The doctor does a physical examination and looks into your family’s medical history and lifestyle. 
  •  Colonoscopy will probably be done. A long flexible tube with a camera at the end is inserted into your rectum. This will give a clear idea about your colon. You will probably need to follow a special diet 24-48 hours prior to the procedure. The bowels will be cleaned using strong laxatives just before the procedure. If any polyps are seen, a sample is taken and send for biopsy. 
  • Double-contrast barium enema: This is a procedure using barium contrast and X-ray. Barium enhances the images and gives a clear idea about your condition. The barium is injected into your colon via your rectum by the doctor. The x-ray is taken and checked by the doctor. 
  • CT scan

Treatment option

The treatment option depends upon the stage of cancer and your overall health condition. Your age and other conditions will be taken into account while deciding the treatment option suitable for you. 

Surgery (Colectomy)

The surgical procedure is also called colectomy. In this procedure, the surgeon removes part or full of the colon affected by cancer. Some surrounding tissues will also be removed to ensure no cancer cell is left behind. 

During the procedure, you will be given general anesthesia. You will need to stop taking certain drugs a week before the surgery. You should not eat or drink anything on the day of the surgery. The surgeon makes a large incision, or several small incisions to access the colon. He uses surgical instruments to remove the affected part. After the tissues and colon affected are removed, the surgeon sutures the incision.

 

Chemotherapy

During chemotherapy, a cancer care team will administer medications that interfere with the cell division process. They achieve this by disrupting proteins or DNA to damage and kill cancer cells. These treatments target any rapidly dividing cells, including healthy ones. These can usually recover from any chemotherapy-induced damage, but cancer cells cannot. Chemo is usually done in cycles at regular intervals with a break in between. The dosage will be decided by the oncologist taking into account the stage of cancer. 

Side effects

  • Hairloss
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue

Radiation therapy

The procedure is used to kill cancer cells by focussing high energy Xrays or gamma rays on them. This could be done both externally and internally. For external radiation therapy, linear accelerator machines such as Linac-60 may be used, which focusses high energy radiation into the tumor. The cancer cells die off as a result of the energy from the rays. In internal radiation therapy, the radiation source is kept inside the body in small doses. The radiation emitted from them eventually kills the tumor.

This type of therapy is usually preferred in the later stages as it can affect the nearby healthy cells as well. It is also used when cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. 

Side effects

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin burn
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss

Best Doctors in India for Colon Cancer Treament

  1. Dr. VP Singh
  2. Dr. Aditya Gupta
  3. Dr. MR Sivakumar
  4. Dr. Paneer A
  5. Dr. Rajendran S
  6. Dr. Rajeev Anand
  7. Dr. Sangeetha Ravat
  8. Dr. Sreekanta Swamy
  9. Dr. Chandran Gnanamuthu
  10. Dr. Prathipa Singhi

Best Hospitals in India for Colon Cancer Treatment

  1. Paras Hospital, Gurgaon
  2. Medanta Hospital, New Delhi
  3. Artemis Hospital, Delhi
  4. Max Hospital, New Delhi
  5. Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai
  6. BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi
  7. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  8. Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  9. Fortis Flt. Lt. Rajan Dhall Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi
  10. Max Super Specialty Hospital, Gurgaon

FAQ

How will doctors know whether cancer will return?

Doctors will ask you to come for a regular checkup. They will ask you questions for any symptoms. CT scan, X-ray and other procedures will be done to check for any recurrence of cancer. 

What activities can I do after surgery?

Doctors permit you to do regular activities after the surgery. However, lifting heavy weights should be avoided for 4-6 weeks after the surgery to avoid hernia and other complications. 

When will my first follow up be? 

The doctor will ask you to come for a check-up after 4-6 weeks to check your progress. However, don’t hesitate to pay a visit if you experience any problems. 


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