Knee Replacement Surgery (TKR) Cost in India – Process, Best Hospitals & Doctors

Posted on October 21st, 2019 by Ganesh Gopakumar

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What is the cost of Knee Replacement Surgery (TKR) in India?       

  • The cost of a single knee replacement surgery in India is between USD 4,000 – USD 6,000. 
  • The cost of bilateral knee replacement is between USD 6,500 – USD 9,000

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The cost varies in India vastly due to :

  • Choice of Hospital
    The cost of knee replacement varies roughly by USD 1,000 when choosing a normal hospital over a premium hospital.
  • Choice of Implant
    The cost of the surgery varies vastly with the implant being used. 
    Cobalt-chromium alloy and titanium alloy are the most commonly used implants. The newly introduced Hi-flex is cheaper. The US FDA approved implants are expensive than Indian-made implants.

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Treatment duration and number of days in India

You might want to spend about 2-3 weeks at the hospital and hotel in total.

ReasonNumber of days
Pre-surgery examination1 day
Hospital observation (post-surgery)3-5 days
Rehabilitation2-3 weeks 

Table of Contents

Cost comparison

What is knee replacement surgery?

Different types of knee replacement

Who needs knee replacement surgery?

Advantages of knee replacement surgery

Guidelines for knee replacement surgery

Top 10 Hospitals in India for knee replacement surgery

Top 10 Doctors in India for knee replacement surgery

FAQ

The price in India is much lower compared to the huge sum of USD 30000 in the United States. In India, bilateral knee replacement can be performed as low as USD 6500 – USD 9000, whereas it is USD 55000 in the US.

CountryCost of single knee replacement surgery (USD)Savings when done in India (USD)
U.S30,00024,000
Israel25,00019,000
South Korea17,50011,500
Singapore16,00010,000
Thailand14,0008,000
Mexico12,9006,900

Due to the huge variation in cost, medical travelers from the U.S can still save 70% even after travel and accommodation in India. 

Why are costs in India lower?

  1. Government policies of cutting down the cost of basic implants by 65 %, which is a drastic decrease in price. 
  2. The cost of post-operative care and rehabilitation in the hospital is considerably lower.
  3. The cost of travel, food, and accommodation is much lower. This reduces the cost as you would need to stay there for at least a month.

What is knee replacement surgery? 

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Knee replacement surgery or Knee Arthroplasty is the surgical procedure that replaces an injured knee partly or completely using metal implants. It is mainly done to relieve pain or to acquire back the motion of the joint lost due to the injured knee. It is usually done for elderly patients with severe arthritis (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid, psoriatic arthritis ) and younger patients with other forms of a knee injury.

total-knee-replacement

The knee joint is the tibiofemoral joint, with the proximal tibia and distal femur joined together along with the kneecap (patella). The whole structure lies inside a synovial capsule filled with synovial fluid which helps in shock absorption. Ligaments, muscles and other structures help to keep the whole unit strong and stable.

The cartilage between the joints wears out (osteoarthritis), mostly after the age of 50. The lack of cartilage between the bones leads to the pain of high intensity and even reduces the range of motion. People undergo surgery to get pain relief and regain the motion of the joint.

For a better idea of how the surgery is done, check out this animated video.

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Types of Knee Replacement Surgery? 

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Several types of Knee Arthroplasty are performed in India. The surgeon decides which type to be performed according to the condition of the knees.

The main types are :

  1. Total Knee Replacement

    total-knee-replacement

    The most commonly done surgery in which the damaged bone and cartilage is removed totally from the joint and replaced with an implant. The implant is made up of metal, plastic or maybe some ceramic.

  2. Partial Knee Replacement

    Partial_knee_replacement

    As the name suggests, the surgeon replaces only a part of the knee joint with an implant. This is done when there is just a part of the joint is damaged.

  3. Revision or Complex Knee Replacement

    Usually done for patients with bone loss, weak ligaments or deformity and for patients undergoing their second or third knee replacement. This is a much more complicated process. The implants have a longer stem which can be encased in the bone cavity.

  4. Bilateral Knee Replacement

    This type is needed when the patient has pain or arthritis in both knees, and both knees are replaced simultaneously. This is much cheaper than staged replacement as this gets over in one go. 

  5. Minimal Invasive Surgery

    It is a knee replacement surgery with a smaller incision. Surgery is done via a small incision (nowadays as small as 3-5inch deep) which is less painful and the recovery time is much lower. It is also pain-free for the quadriceps and other muscles in front of the thigh.

Who needs knee replacement surgery? 

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  1. Elderly patients suffering from arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis) whose cartilage between the bones has been worn off. 
  2. Younger patients with joint injuries usually undergo this surgery to get relief from pain and regain the full motion of the joint.

The time comes up for surgery when the pain affects the day to day activities adversely such as walking, climbing stairs and even sleeping.

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Advantages of Knee Replacement Surgery?

  1. Relieves the pain of the joint.
  2. Regains the range of motion of the joint. 
  3. The patient can do everyday tasks which were impossible earlier, i.e., walking, climbing stairs, etc.

Guidelines for patients doing knee replacement surgery

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Pre-surgery preparations:

You need to get admitted 1 day prior to the surgery. Before the surgery, you need to make sure you have all the required tests done. This could be

  • A physical examination,
  • Lab tests
  • Radiographic examination

You could also discuss with your doctor about the choice of implants according to your budget. 

The advantages and disadvantages of different implants will help you choose which implant is the best for you. 

Post-surgery care:

After the surgery, you would need to stay in the hospital for a few days, which varies according to your condition and chance of developing an infection. Usually, you will be under hospital observation for 3-5 days or at most a week.     

After the hospital observation is over, you can move to your hotel room where you need to get proper rest and physiotherapy for your speedy recovery.

Best Hospitals and Doctors for Knee Arthroplasty in India

India has a large number of hospitals that perform knee replacement surgery perfectly. Most of them have a success rate above 90 %. The main hospitals lie in the metropolitan cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, and Hyderabad. Another added advantage is that the metro cities have airports that make it easier for medical tourists.

Top 10 Hospitals for Knee Replacement Surgery

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  1. Fortis Hospital, Mumbai
  2. Dr. P.D Hinduja National Hospital, Mumbai
  3. Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai
  4. Apollo Hospital, Bangalore
  5. Columbia Asia Referral Hospital, Bangalore
  6. St.John’s Medical College Hospital, Bangalore
  7. BLK Superspeciality Hospital, Delhi
  8. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi
  9. Apollo Hospital, Chennai
  10. Maxcure Hospital, Hyderabad

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Best Doctors for Knee Replacement Surgery

  1. Dr. Kaushal Malhan
  2.  Dr.Abhay D Narvekar
  3. Dr. Gurivendar Singh Sawhney
  4. Dr. Ajith Prabhu
  5. Dr. Kamini Kurupad
  6. Dr. Sudhir. N. Pai
  7. Dr. Bhushan Naraini
  8. Dr. Yatinder Kharbanda
  9. Dr. Bharani Kumar Dayanandam
  10. Dr. Vinay Kishore

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FAQ 

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Is knee replacement surgery safe in India?

It is a definite yes. India is home to some of the best orthopedic hospitals in the world, with some of the best technology in the medical field. They also have well-experienced doctors with most of them having 30+ years of experience in knee replacement surgery. In addition, the government of India supports medical travel and have formed norms for making it safe for travelers. So in all aspects, India is a go-to country if you want your knees replaced.

How long does it take for knee replacement surgery?

The surgery takes about 2-3 hours. The patient should spend maybe two or three nights in the hospital under observation. After that, patients should move to a rehabilitation center for a few weeks depending on the condition and level of recovery. The recovery depends on proper rest and physiotherapy the patient gets.

How much time will I take to walk post-surgery?

At first, you would need a walker for the first few weeks, then slowly you can move on to crutches. With proper physiotherapy and rest, a normal person should start walking on his own in 4-8 weeks. Your knees continue to improve over this time and become its best at about 8-12 months.

How painful is knee replacement surgery?

 The surgery alone is painless as you will be given anesthesia. But you will experience some pain immediately after the surgery which will diminish within 4-5 days. After that even if pain persists, it would be mild, and the doctor will prescribe pain killers for pain relief.

How is life after knee replacement surgery?

Life post-surgery is very good as there is a better quality of life with the loss of pain. The patient will regain the movement of the joint to a large extent within six months. Life will become normal from anywhere between 6 months-1 year for most patients. 

What activities can you do post-surgery?

You can do normal activities such as walking within a few days. Mild exercises are doable after your rehabilitation, say 6 – 12 weeks. 

Extreme exercises such as running, jumping, cycling uphill should be avoided until your knees get in proper condition. Usually, you can do all sorts of activity within 6 months-1 year but varies from person to person. 

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