Ovarian Cancer Treatment Cost in India – Procedure, Best Doctors & Hospitals

Posted on March 19th, 2020 by Ganesh Gopakumar

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Cost of ovarian cancer treatment in India

The cost of ovarian cancer treatment in India is USD 3500-5000.

Choice of Hospital

Cost varies widely based on the type of hospital you choose. The cost varies drastically when we go from an economy hospital to a premium hospital. The higher cost in premium hospitals is due to the higher room rent, cost for medical care, etc. The quality of treatment is the same.

Choice of City

The choice of city also has great impact on the overall cost. The cost of food, accommodation, and transportation are much higher in Tier 1 cities. Hospitals in metro cities also charge higher for medical care. Tier 2 cities are cheaper.

What is ovarian cancer?

The abnormal growth of cells in the ovary is called ovarian cancer. The cancer has nearly no symptoms in the initial stages, which makes it very dangerous. The cancer has to progress to some degree for the symptoms to show up. The cancer is rapidly dividing and can spread to abdominal lining, liver, lymph nodes, etc. 

Ovary

Ovary is one of the main part of the female reproductive system (female gonads). It produces ovum, which fuses with the sperm at the time of fertilization to form the zygote. The ovaries are two in number, one present on each side of the body. It has an endocrine function as well as it secretes various hormones. The ovary develops at the time of puberty and starts producing ovum. The ovary stops the production of ovum at the age of 40s or 50s and is called menopause.

Causes of ovarian cancer

The exact reasons for ovarian cancer are yet unknown. In some cases, the cancer arises due to genetic reasons. 

Who is at higher risk of getting ovarian cancer?

  • Women over the age of 50
  • Never became pregnant
  • Menstruation started at the age of 12
  • Close relative have ovarian cancer
  • Obese women

Symptoms of ovarian cancer

  • Bloating
  • Pain in the abdominal region
  • Difficulty in eating
  • Having an urgency to urinate frequently
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain
  • Swelling of abdomen
  • Change in bowel habits

Stages of ovarian cancer

The ovarian cancer is classified into various stages based on the location, severity, and size. 

Stage 1

This is the least severe case of ovarian cancer with the cancer only in the ovaries. 

Stage 1A: Cancer only in one ovary.

Stage 2A: Cancer on both ovaries.

Stage 2

In the stage, the cancer has spread to nearby organs and lymph nodes from the ovary.

Stage 2A: Cancer has spread to your uterus, fallopian tube or both.

Stage 2B: The tumor has spread to the pelvic region like your bladder, colon, etc.

Stage 3

The cancer has spread to your endometrium (stomach lining) and the lymph nodes in the surrounding area.

Stage 4

The final stage where the cancer has spread to more far away organs such as the lungs, skin, or even the brain. 

Treatment 

The treatment options depends upon: 

  • Size, location, stage of the cancer
  • Age and general health condition
  • Patient’s preferences

Surgery

Surgery is the main treatment method for ovarian cancer. The extent and type of tumor is studied prior to the surgery and the cancer is removed by a surgery. The type of surgery depends on the extent of cancer spread, stage of cancer, and location. 

Tests required include blood and urine tests, X-ray of heart and chest, MRI or CT scan to know the location and size of the tumor. Your doctor will tell you to stop taking certain medications prior to the surgery. The surgery could be any one of the following procedure depending on the location of your cancer:

  • Hysterectomy removes your uterus.
  • Total hysterectomy removes both your uterus and cervix.
  • Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) removes your ovaries and both fallopian tubes
  • Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy removes just one ovary and one fallopian tube.
  • Omentectomy removes the layer of tissue that covers your stomach and large intestine
  • Lymph node dissection

For any of the procedures the surgeon makes one or more incisions on the abdomen to access the uterus. Either an open surgery or minimally invasive procedure will be , but open surgery is more common. adopted

The surgeon then removes the cancer from the uterus, ovary or whichever place it has spread to. If it has spread to colon, bladder, stomach, etc, the surgeon removes it as much as possible. The remaining cancer is taken down by chemotherapy. 

 

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is another main treatment for all types of cancer, including ovarian cancer. It involves injecting chemotherapy drugs into the veins of the patient. The drug circulates around the body killing the cancer cells or preventing them from growing. This procedure requires several sessions unlike surgery. The procedure is carried out at regular intervals with a break in between for the body to recover. 

Targeted therapy

This type of treatment uses certain vulnerabilities in the cell structure to destroy the cell. It can only be used after testing the cells and having a clear study. The treatment varies drastically between ovarian cancer in two different patients. It is usually done when on recurrent tumors or tumors which are not responsive to other treatments. Research is going on in this field and more better treatment will be available in the future.

Post-procedure care

  • If you are opting a surgery, you would have to stay in hospital for 6-9 days. You may return to work after 3-5 weeks.
  • You should avoid lifting heavy weights and from strenuous activities for 3-4 weeks.
  • Be careful not to get an infection at the incision site.
  • Other procedures are usually based on an out-patient basis and can return home the same day.
  • Make sure you do the instructions properly and attend sessions of chemotherapy or targeted therapy without fail.

Best Doctors in India for Lung Cancer Treatment

  1. Dr. VP Singh
  2. Dr. Aditya Gupta
  3. Dr. MR Sivakumar
  4. Dr. Paneer A
  5. Dr. Rajendran S
  6. Dr. Rajeev Anand
  7. Dr. Sangeetha Ravat
  8. Dr. Sreekanta Swamy
  9. Dr. Chandran Gnanamuthu
  10. Dr. Prathipa Singhi

Best Hospitals in India for Lung Cancer Treatment

  1. Paras Hospital, Gurgaon
  2. Medanta Hospital, New Delhi
  3. Artemis Hospital, Delhi
  4. Max Hospital, New Delhi
  5. Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai
  6. BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi
  7. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  8. Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  9. Fortis Flt. Lt. Rajan Dhall Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi
  10. Max Super Specialty Hospital, Gurgaon

FAQ

How common is ovarian cancer?

Ovarian cancer is the 11th most common cancer among women in the United States, with 22,530 estimated new cases diagnosed in the US in 2019.

What is the probability of a woman getting ovarian cancer?

On average, a woman has a 1 in 78 risk of developing ovarian cancer over the course of her life. Older age, family history, certain genetic mutations, and other factors increase a woman’s individual risk.

Can ovarian cysts lead to ovarian cancer?

Most ovarian cysts are benign, and many resolve on their own. However, since a small percent of them could be cancer, they require evaluation and diagnostic work-up.


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