Throat Cancer Treatment Cost in India – Procedure, Best Doctors & Hospitals

Posted on April 10th, 2020 by Ganesh Gopakumar

Category:

Cost of throat cancer treatment in India

The cost of throat cancer withing India varies widely due to:

Choice of Hospital

Cost varies drastically with the type of hospital you choose. The cost varies drastically when we go from an economy hospital to a premium hospital. The higher cost in premium hospitals is due to the higher room rent, cost for medical care, etc. The quality of healthcare remains the same, but you will get better canteen facilities and luxury.

Choice of City

The overall price is also determined by the choice of the city. The cost of food, accommodation, and transportation are much higher in Tier 1 cities. Hospitals in metro cities also charge higher for medical care. Tier 2 cities are cheaper.

Throat cancer

Throat cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells into a tumor in the voice box, pharynx, and the surrounding throat structures. This is however relatively lower occurring in the world right now. 

Squamous cell carcinoma

It is the cancer of the flat cells lining the throat and is the more common type of throat cancer.

Adenocarcinoma

This is the type of cancer that affects the glandular secretory cells in the throat. This is however rare. 

Pharyngeal cancer

Nasopharynx cancer

The part behind the nose is affected.

Oropharynx cancer 

The part behind the mouth, which also includes the tonsils is infected.

Hypopharynx cancer 

The lower part of the throat above the esophagus and trachea is affected. This cancer affects the larynx (voice box) and can spread to other regions. Voicebox is responsible for the production of sound. It is otherwise known as adam’s apple in me.

Glottic cancer

It is the cancer of the vocal cords.

Supraglottic cancer

Cancer begins in the upper part of the larynx and further spreads into the epiglottis and surrounding structures. Epiglottis is the structure that prevents food from going into the trachea (windpipe). 

Subglottic cancer

This cancer starts from below the vocal cords and can spread to other regions as well. 

Symptoms of throat cancer

  • Change in voice
  • Difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Persistent cough
  • Ear pain
  • Sore throat
  • Wheezing
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck

Causes of throat cancer

Throat cancer begins with a mutation of DNA of any one of the cells. The mutated cell divides rapidly and forms a tumor. The mutated cells live longer than normal healthy cells. This keeps on growing as the number of cancer cells outnumbers the healthy cells. Usually, lifestyle-related issues are reasons for the development of cancer. They could be:

  • Smoking
  • Alcoholism
  • Exposure to asbestos
  • Exposure to humanpappilo virus (HPV)
  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Eating fewer fruits and vegetables
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Genetic factors

How can throat cancer be prevented?

  • Quit smoking
  • Drink alcohol in moderation
  • Eat lots of fruits and vegetables
  • Taking an HPV vaccine can protect you from humanpappilo virus

How is throat cancer diagnosed?

  • The doctor conducts a physical exam. He will also ask about any symptoms and medical history. Your family’s medical history is also taken into account. 
  • Laryngoscopy will be done to get a clear idea about the condition of your throat. The procedures use a scope that has a magnifying glass for examining your larynx (voice box). 
  • Endoscopy could be also done. An endoscope is an instrument that has a camera at the end and inserted orally. It helps the doctor to visualize the throat on the monitor.
  • X-ray scan
  • CT scan
  • MRI scan
  • Biopsy could be also be done for laboratory testing of the tissue sample. 
  • A barium swallow is an x-ray guided procedure that helps to determine any growth in the throat.  

Stages of throat cancer

Stage 0: Cancer is only on the top layer of the affected region. It has not spread deeper.

Stage 1: The tumor is of the size of 2cm and has not spread from the initial site.

Stage 2: The tumor has now grown to 2-4cm and has spread to the nearby areas.

Stage 3: The size of the tumor is now more than 4cm and has also spread to nearby structures. It must have affected the lymph nodes too by this time. 

Stage 4: The tumor is quite big and has spread to lymph nodes and other organs nearby.

Treatment options

The treatment procedure is decided mainly by looking into the extent of cancer and your health condition. 

Surgery

 

The surgical procedure is done to remove the part of the neck which has cancer. You may or may not be under general anesthesia in most cases. You should not eat or drink on the day of the surgery. In addition, you will have to stop taking certain medications 2 weeks prior to the surgery. The various surgical procedures done are:

Endoscopic surgery 

This procedure uses an endoscope (a long thin tube with a light and camera at the end) through which surgical instruments or lasers can be passed to treat early-stage cancers. The thin cancer cells are then cut off or destroyed using lasers. However, cancer needs to superficial to be treated using this procedure.

Cordectomy.

 This procedure removes all or part of your vocal cords. It could need an incision. The procedure is done on patients with cancer of the vocal cords in the later stages.

Laryngectomy.

 This procedure removes all or a portion of your voice box, depending on the severity of the cancer. Some people can speak normally after surgery. Some will learn how to speak without a voice box.

Pharyngectomy. 

This procedure removes a part of your throat. The part of the pharynx affected by the cancer is removed. A bit of healthy tissues are also removed to remove all possible cancer cells.

Neck dissection

 If throat cancer spreads within the neck, your doctor may remove some of your lymph nodes. The neck is dissected and the necessary lymph nodes are removed. The incision is sutured back. 

Radiation therapy

High energy radiation is used to destroy cancer cells. Usually, it is done after surgery to remove any leftover cancer cells. The high energy rays damage the cell and its DNA, leaving it unable to grow.

Brachytherapy 

A small dose of radiation is placed to the tumor. The radiation dose from the small source keeps hitting the tumor over and over again until it dies off. 

Intensity-modulated radiation therapy

The radiation dose is delivered in the exact shape and size of the tumor. This reduces the chance of radiation dose to the nearby cells. However, nearby healthy cells are also destroyed to some extent. The dosage and delivery are planned by the oncologist and delivered by the radiotherapy technologist. 

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is often used along with radiation therapy in treating throat cancers. Certain chemotherapy drugs make cancer cells more sensitive to radiation therapy. But combining chemotherapy and radiation therapy increases the side effects of both treatments.

 

Best doctors in India for HCC treatment

  1. Dr. Subhash Gupta
  2. Dr. VP Bhalla
  3. Dr. TK Neelamekam
  4. Dr. P Jaganadhan
  5. Dr. Mohammed Rela
  6. Dr. Arvinder Singh Soin
  7. Dr. Pankaj Puri
  8. Dr. Aabha Nagral
  9. Dr. Venugopal V
  10. Dr. Sandip Chakraborty

Best hospitals in India for throat cancer treatment

  1. Paras Hospital, Gurgaon
  2. Medanta Hospital, New Delhi
  3. Artemis Hospital, Delhi
  4. Max Hospital, New Delhi
  5. Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai
  6. BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi
  7. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  8. Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  9. Fortis Flt. Lt. Rajan Dhall Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi
  10. Max Super Specialty Hospital, Gurgaon

FAQ

Is throat cancer hereditary?

Throat cancer is mainly lifestyle related but the genes could play a part too. Smokers have a high chance of getting throat cancer and the genes do play a role. 

Which type of doctor should I consult if I think I have throat cancer?

Consulting an ENT would be good as he can figure out whether it is any other throat-related issue. He will do the necessary tests to do and refer you to an oncologist if required. 

How long will I have to go on follow-ups?

You will, unfortunately, have to follow up your whole life due to the risky chances of secondary cancer. This is any cancer that has spread to other structures but has not shown up on examinations. 


preloader